The single-use syringe cannot be discarded at will after use. General hospitals have certain regulations for the use of syringes. The specific systems generally include the following points.
1. The inoculation unit should have a dedicated person responsible for the disinfection and destruction of the single-use syringe.
2. Establish records of single-use syringe allocation or purchase, use, and destruction. The records should be complete and consistent with the accounts.
3. Single-use syringe should be used for vaccination.
4. The use of disposable sterile syringes for preventive vaccination must strictly implement the system of "one injection per person, one use and one destruction per tube".
5. When using the single-use syringe, the staff of the grassroots inoculation unit should check whether the single-use syringe packaging is intact. And within the validity period, products whose packaging has been damaged or have exceeded the validity period shall not be used.
6. When the inoculation is completed, put the used single-use syringe into a puncture-proof safe collection container (safe box) made of strong material, and hand it in for disposal before the next inoculation. It is strictly forbidden to reuse single-use syringes.
7. The single-use syringe after use can be destroyed by a destroyer or manually. After separating the needle and the syringe, the needle can be directly placed in a puncture-proof container, or be bent with pliers for more than 90 degrees, and soaked in a disinfectant containing 1000 mg/L of available chlorine for more than 60 minutes.
Finally, uniform disposal and destruction, incineration, or burying are carried out to ensure the one-time use of sterile syringes.
According to the purpose, the single-use syringes can be divided into three types: serious pollution, general pollution, and basically no pollution. For single-use syringes with different degrees of contamination, their disposal methods are also different, so how are they classified?
1. Severely contaminated single-use sterile syringes
Direct contact with the patient's body fluids. For example, used syringes such as blood draw, pleural fluid draw, and ascites fluid draw. Because the patient's body fluids are a potential source of infection.
2. Generally contaminated single-use sterile syringes
That is, only the needle part of the syringe that is in contact with the patient, such as regular injections and infusions, and some syringes that are usually used with anti-inflammatory water.
3. Basically pollution-free single-use syringe
Those that do not come into direct contact with the patient are basically non-polluting single-use syringes, such as sterile syringes used when adding medicines. Of course, improper operation and contamination must be ruled out.
This is the classification of single-use syringes. You should deal with it according to such a classification method since different pollution levels have different treatment methods.